VFlow: More Expressive Generative Flows with Variational Data Augmentation

Jul 12, 2020

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Generative flows are promising tractable models for density modeling that define probabilistic distributions with invertible transformations. However, tractability imposes architectural constraints on generative flows, making them less expressive than other types of generative models. In this work, we study a previously overlooked constraint that all the intermediate representations must have the same dimensionality with the original data due to invertibility, limiting the width of the network. We tackle this constraint by augmenting the data with some extra dimensions, and jointly learning a generative flow for augmented data as well as the distribution of augmented dimensions under a variational inference framework. Our approach, VFlow, is a generalization of generative flows and therefore always performs better. Combining with existing generative flows, VFlow achieves a new state-of-the-art 2.98 bits-per-dimension on the CIFAR-10 dataset and is more compact than previous models to reach similar modeling quality.

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About ICML 2020

The International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML) is the premier gathering of professionals dedicated to the advancement of the branch of artificial intelligence known as machine learning. ICML is globally renowned for presenting and publishing cutting-edge research on all aspects of machine learning used in closely related areas like artificial intelligence, statistics and data science, as well as important application areas such as machine vision, computational biology, speech recognition, and robotics. ICML is one of the fastest growing artificial intelligence conferences in the world. Participants at ICML span a wide range of backgrounds, from academic and industrial researchers, to entrepreneurs and engineers, to graduate students and postdocs.

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