Apr 4, 2021
Engineering a top-notch deep learning model is an expensive procedure which involves collecting data, hiring human resources with expertise in machine learning, and providing high computational resources. For that reason, deep learning models are considered as valuable Intellectual Properties (IPs) of the model vendors. To ensure a reliable commercialization of deep learning models, it is crucial to develop techniques to protect model vendors against IP infringements. One of such techniques that recently has shown great promise is digital watermarking. In this paper, we present GradSigns, a novel watermarking framework for deep neural networks (DNNs). GradSigns embeds owner's signature into gradient of cross-entropy cost function with respect to inputs to the model. Our approach has negligible impact on the performance of the protected model, and can verify ownership of remotely deployed models through prediction APIs. We evaluate GradSigns on DNNs trained for different image classification tasks using CIFAR-10, SVHN and YTF datasets, and experimentally show that unlike existing methods, GradSigns is robust against counter-watermark attacks, and can embed large amount of information into DNNs.
The Conference on Machine Learning and Systems targets research at the intersection of machine learning and systems. The conference aims to elicit new connections amongst these fields, including identifying best practices and design principles for learning systems, as well as developing novel learning methods and theory tailored to practical machine learning workflows.
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