Gould is professor of sociology and director of the Urban Sustainability Program, Brooklyn College, and professor of sociology, and earth and environmental sciences, CUNY Graduate Center. His work focuses on the political economy of environment, technology and development, and is best known for its contribution to the Treadmill of Production model of socioenvironmental dynamics. He has published numerous articles examining the responses of communities to environmental problems, the role of inequality in environmental conflicts, and the impacts of globalization on sustainable development efforts. He is co-author of Environment and Society: The Enduring Conflict, Local Environmental Struggles, The Treadmill of Production: Injustice & Unsustainability in the Global Economy, Twenty Lessons in Environmental Sociology, Thirty Readings in Introductory Sociology, and Ten Lessons in Introductory Sociology. His recent work examines nanotechnology, ecotourism, and green gentrification.