Director for Culture and Creativity, European Commission Michel Magnier (born in 1960) graduated in Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris (1981) and the Ecole nationale d'Administration (1986). He started his professional career in the French public service, serving as a "sous-préfet" in the French West Indies and in the Provence. He joined the European Commission in 1992 and worked then in President Jacques Delors' private office. From 1995, he held various positions in the European Commission services, in particular in the directorates generals in charge of human resources, budget, competition, and home affairs. He has been a director since 2008, and took up his current post of Director for Culture and Creativity in January 2013.